August XX, 2010

August XX, 2010

Introduction to World Geography Physical Geography Introduction Engage Pick a place in the world you have visited. What did you see in that place? What was the landscape like? What was the weather like?

What were the people like? What was the vegetation or animals like? What is Geography? Geography is the study of place and space. Study of human activity, the natural environment, and the relationship between the two (human-environment interactions).

Geographers look at where things are and why they are there. Physical v. Cultural Geography Physical Geography Cultural Geography Rocks/Minerals

Population/Settlements/ Urbanization Landforms Economic and Political Systems Animal and Plant Life

Transportation Soils Human Migration Atmosphere/Climate/Weather

Social Systems Environment Recreation Rivers/Oceans/Other bodies of Water

Religion/Belief System Physical Geography is the study of the Natural Landscape of the Earth Cultural Geography is the study of the Human Landscape of the Earth. What kinds of tools would geographers use?

Maps and Globes Whats the difference? Maps two dimensional usually only show parts of the Earths surface. Globes three dimensional representation of the Earth, shows whole surface.

Who makes maps? Cartographers are people who make maps. What is an Atlas? An ATLAS is a book of maps. You are sitting on one! You have an Atlas under your desk, called the Goodes World

Atlas. Your textbook also has an Atlas Section near the front. Get to know them both, we will use them a lot this year! Parts of A Map Title explains the subject of the map Compass Rose shows the Cardinal Directions, meaning North, South,

East, and West Legend or Key - shows and explains the symbols used on the map Scale shows the true size of the objects shown on the map Activity: Identify the Map Parts

Number your paper #1-#4. Identify and label each part of the map below, using the terms you just learned. What main types of maps are there? PHYSICAL MAPS POLITICAL MAPS THEMATIC MAPS

Physical Maps Show natural features such as landforms and physical borders; lakes, rivers, mountain ranges, and things that were around before humans Physical Borders Borders defined by a physical feature Example - Rio Grande River, between USA and Mexico Activity 2 Using Physical Maps

Use the World Physical Map on p A2-A3 of your textbook to answer these questions on your own paper. 1. What mountain range separates European Russia from Asia? 2. What two mountain ranges run the length of North and South America?

Political Maps Show features on the earths surface that humans created. Examples of things on a political map? Political Borders borders created by governments National and State Borders, City Limits, capitals Activity 3 Using Political Maps

Use the World Political Map on p. A4-A5 of your textbook to answer these questions. 1. What are the two countries that lie on the Himalayan border between India and China? 2. What is the name of the largest island in the world? 3. How many countries share a border with Brazil? Thematic Maps

Thematic maps can be tricky, there are many different kinds. They all do the same thing they show information Some common thematic maps: Population maps Weather maps Resource maps Topographic maps

5 Themes Geographers study the world by looking at Location Place Region Movement Human-Environment Interaction

#1 Location Where is it? Absolute Location is the exact place on the earth where a geographic feature is found. 3322 RR 620 South Austin, TX 78738 LTHS Room J205 Latitude = 30 degrees, 19.7 minutes North

Long = 97 degrees, 58.2 minutes West Relative Location describes a place in comparison to other places around it . Ex. Next door to the Wendys #2 Place What is it like? describes the physical features and cultural

characteristics of a location. #3 Region How are places similar or different? describes an area of the earths surface with similar characteristics, usually more than one. GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS: What defines a region?

physical (natural) characteristics landforms, climate, vegetation human (cultural) characteristics language, religion, ethnicity, population Sub-Regions Further classification of Regions based upon physical features and human characteristics.

Examples: The United States is in the North American Region. However, the U.S. has several sub-regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, etc. #4 Movement How and why people, plants, animals, and ideas move through time and place? #5 HumanEnvironment Interaction

People learn to use what the environment offers them and to change that environment to meet their needs. How to remember the 5 themes! M - Movement R - Region

H Human Interaction E Environment Interaction L - Location P - Place What theme might this picture represent?

What theme might this picture represent? What theme might this picture represent? What theme might this picture represent? What are important lines

on Geographers Grid? Equator Divides the earth between Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere

Prime Meridian Divides the Eastern Hemisphere from Western Hemisphere What is a hemisphere? One half of the Earth. North, South, East, West

all have hemispheres. Where are the The Tropics? Tropic of Cancer 23.5* North of Equator Suns most northern

location on June 21st Tropic of Capricorn 23.5* South of Equator Suns most southern location on December 21st Where are the Polar Circles? Arctic Circle 66.5* North of

the Equator begins the north polar region Antarctic Circle 66.5* South of the Equator begins South polar regions What is Latitude and

Longitude? It is a grid for finding your location on the Earth. Like X and Y from the grid in math class. Or like a football field. Or like the game Battleship

What is Latitude? Run parallel to Equator

Measures North and South 90 degrees North latitude 90 degrees South latitude Important lines of Latitude: 1. Equator 2. Tropic of Cancer 3. Tropic of Capricorn

4. Arctic Circle 5. Antarctic Circle What is Longitude? Run parallel to Prime Meridian Measures East and West

180 degrees of East longitude 180 degrees of West longitude Total = 360 degree circle All lines meet at North Pole and stretch to South Pole

How do you use Latitude and Longitude to find your way? 1. 2. 3. Find the right hemispheres (N, S, E, W).

Trace latitude and longitude till they meet. FOLLOW THE CURVE! Classwork Latitude and Longitude Worksheet Finish 7 Continents and 5 Oceans Map

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