An Industry Model End-of-life vehicles Presented by Geoff Gwilym-Executive Director Victorian Automobile Chamber of Commerce VACC Executive Director Mr Geoff Gwilym Fact 1 The NMVTRC report that for the period 2015/16, 15,617 stolen vehicles were not recovered. 9,873 of these were passenger vehicles. NMVTRC
2 Fact 2 In one Melbourne municipality alone 1,532 reports were received of derelict, unregistered or abandoned vehicles, in one year. The same council also impounded 229 vehicles in the same year with only 26 reclaimed by owners. VACC 2015/16 data 3 Fact 3 Recent research reported..
It could be argued that the current Australian framework for the treatment of ELVs is not sustainable.for a waste management system to be sustainable, it needs to be environmentally effective, socially acceptable and economically affordable. Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context p-11 4 Background-Task Force Discover Task Force Discover was established in 2014 to examine how the motor vehicle wrecking and scrap metal industries may harbour profit motivated vehicle
theft 432 Victorian businesses interpreted to be Dismantlers or Scrap Yards were visited VACC estimates that around 150 of these operators are legitimate vehicle recyclers Courtesy NMVTRC & Vic Police 5 Levels of non-conformity The report provided a numerical benchmark for the size of non-conformity and potential illegal activity in the industry 199 (or 46%) recyclers were assessed as holding the wrong licence or no licence at all, most breaches were
in respect to environmental and workplace laws There is a growing recognition that state governments must support industry by using data and their own intelligence to close non-compliant businesses. Courtesy NMVTRC & Vic Police 6 Industry seeking a shared solution Industry is frustrated at the lack of action from regulators Industry understands a national solution may be difficult to achieve. Victoria should take the lead There is strong vehicle recycling industry support for the removal of cash-for-scrap dealings VACC members want an industry led and government
supported national system for the acquisition and decommissioning of ELVs. Courtesy Mike Third Total Auto Recyclers; ABS(2013) 7 Industry seeking a shared solution An ELV system could be established upon the appointment of Accredited Treatment Facilities or other approved dismantler providers As the vehicle fleet grows so too will be a growing demand to manage the rate of vehicle recycling and to manage noncompliant dealers. National Fleet 2016 ELV%
ELVs Total Australia 18.4 million 4.4 800,000 Total Victoria 4.7 million 4.4 208,000
Courtesy Mike Third Total Auto Recyclers; ABS(2013) *2016 ABS figures 8 Industry seeking a shared solution Legitimate recyclers know how to process ELVs and they should be used as a resource in the design of a better system Most already have good infrastructure in place Generational change is occurring across the entire RS&R sector and old school businesses that fail to grasp change will close (MTAA 2014) Many have adopted Greenstamp Plus Accreditation and this should be mandatory in any accreditation program.
Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context. MTAA,(2014). Introducing an End of Life Vehicle Policy to Australias supply chain. 9 Industry seeking a shared solution A recent study by RMIT PhD student Mehdi Heyadati reported that little is known about the identification of a sustainable business model to implement a sustainable ELV reclamation program in Australia (Hedayati 2016) Even though there are good overseas models for government to examine there appears to be a reluctance to move on this issue A key underpinning issue relates to the costs associated with vehicle recycling and business viabilities Variability in metal pricing is a key destabiliser in the industry and is a factor that encourages back-yarders.
Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context. MTAA,(2014). Introducing an End of Life Vehicle Policy to Australias supply chain. 10 Hedayati Report The same report highlighted Australias lack of policy in the correct treatment of non-metallic materials, which can encompass up to 30% of a vehicles mass We rate poorly in terms of how we treat these wastes and the rate of landfill from shredded plastics is around 240,000 tonnes annually We lack government/industry discussion on the generation of energy from wastes Some countries filter non metallic waste through 7 treatments to generate high grade recyclable materials.
Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context P xvi 11 Hedayati Report The study identified that ELVs are often abandoned as a direct result of costs associated with the transportation of vehicles to recycling plants It advocated a shared responsibility which included vehicle manufacturers as part of the solution Markets with much smaller vehicle fleets than Australia (Denmark, Belgium) have ELV schemes, which means smaller vehicle volumes can sustain viable recycling systems The report indicated that in most countries with schemes in place recyclers manage far more vehicles than the average Australian recycler..
Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context p-35-36-33 12 Decommissioning? APRAA has arrived at a benchmark figure to determine the cost to industry to decommission ELVs National participation from APRAA members calculated a benchmark figure of $391 to decommission a vehicle to environmental standards Data extracted from over 1,000 data entries from Feb/Sept 2016 Participating APRAA Members from Regional and Metropolitan areas Processes based on UK ELV Program, slight customising to local conditions.
Source APRAA national survey 2016 13 So what are the real costs of decommissioning? Action Source vehicle Decommissioning Other processes Total Source APRAA national survey 2016 Average cost $172 $100
$119 Employees used 2 3 2 $391.00 2.33 14 Part of a solution Industry led, government supported product stewardship scheme, funded by creation of ELV Recycling Fund and Register
We already see successful programs such as the Tyre Stewardship Australia, a model that could be used as a template for ELV Stewardship Fees should be levied as part of a vehicle import tax and not loaded on to local dealers. Source APRAA , Hedayati,M.(2016). System Model for Sustainable End-of-Life Vehicle Treatment in the Australian Context . 15 New Car Purchase ELV Officially Decommissioned Recycling fee levied as part of vehicle
importation. Fee transferred to ELVRF Certificate of destruction issued to previous owner Shredder Residue Shredder residue sent to landfill or For secondary recovery via incineration End of Life Vehicle Recycling Fund and
Register Risk: Smaller ELV recyclers could be forced out of the market by larger players. Insurance industry may take interest in establishing business, as may automotive manufacturers Vehicle Shell Sent to Shredder ELV
Dismantled Courtesy MTAA Glass and plastic Fluro carbons Oils and fluids Airbags Risk: Dealers become responsible for collecting fee Vehicle Reaches End of Life Vehicle damage
Age Owners/insurers instruction Vehicle Delivered to ELV Collector Rural and regional storage hub Authorised auto recyclers Certificate of transfer ELVRFR Risk ELVs and the WOVR
Government must mandate that all ELVs be included on the Written Off Vehicle Register There are significant community benefits if ELVs were included on the WOVR There are many reasons why accounting for the retirement of all ELVs is needed and is well overdue. Source Mike Third Total Auto Recyclers 19 Benefits of ELV inclusion on the WOVR
Limits the shredding of evidence from vehicle theft Limits the theft of vehicles for scrap metal value Limits the illegal re-use of VINs from ELVs Reduces the ease of disposal for insurance fraud Reduces the unlicensed trade in motor vehicles for scrap Prevents unauthorised disposal of vehicles by anyone other than the legal owner Reduces the Cars for Cash economy Reduces the numbers on enterprises handling ELVs inappropriately Provides more accurate data on vehicle retirement. Courtesy Total Auto Recyclers & Imlachs 20 Dealing with a root cause.repairable write-offs
The industry needs a robust discussion on the use of repairable write-offs Would the removal of these vehicles from the recycling process balance with an increase in community safety? Should there be a subsidy to compensate the recycler who recovers less from this type of vehicle? Is this the responsibility of the insurance industry.why dont they pay the difference? 21 Introduce improved export controls With experience and no barriers to business the illegitimate industry becomes more sophisticated They are likely to have established contacts/markets in Asia, Africa and the Middle East
Unpacking containers for inspection at export is a difficult and long process The next generation of car thief is skilling up Any automotive specific container should have PPSR NEVDIS certificates attached. Export controls 22 Introduce improved export controls Export controls 23 Recommendations for action Enforcement of current regulation is urgent
Convene a national taskforce similar to Taskforce Discover Engage with the ACCC on ELV Product Stewardship Scheme to model-up a similar program Engage with National Government to seek support and potential seed funding Should a call be made on the ATS funding? Automotive Transformation Scheme 24 Recommendations for action Legislation enacted to ban cash for scrap payments Robust analysis/investigations to focusing on auction houses, Gumtree.com, eBay, Carsales.com to determine who is purchasing these vehicles, and why?
Licensing for vehicle/vehicle parts exporters Buyers must be licensed at salvage auctions Harmonisation of written-off vehicle legislation Adoption of ELV systems based on Japan or UK systems. Recommendations 25
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