Alternative Technology Energy Facility RFI Meeting

Alternative Technology Energy Facility RFI Meeting

Emerging and Proven Waste Conversion Technologies for the 21st Century City of Jacksonville Solid Waste Workshop November 29, 2012 Paul Hauck, P.E. CDM Smith 1715 N. Westshore Boulevard Suite 875 Tampa, Florida 33607 (813) 281-2900 [email protected] Todays Presentation

CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy Solid Waste Services Waste-to-Energy Transfer stations Material recovery facilities Landfills Rate/financial studies Recycling

CDM Smith Waste-to-Energy Experience Introduction CDM Smith Florida Solid Waste Experience Introduction Todays Presentation CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies

Waste Conversion Technology Examples The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy City of Jacksonville Current Disposal Summary Third Party Methane Collection & Energy Generation Landfill Operator 48% Materials Recovery Facility

Yard Waste Processing Facility Leachate Collection & Disposal Duval County Landfill Current Status Approximately 22% of airspace remaining Phase 1-5 build-out anticipated January 2018 Population growth No hurricane debris Settlement/density To meet Phase 1-5 build-out, construction of Phase 6

completed by July 2016 + 6 month selective placement of waste + 1 year general contingency 8 9 Todays Presentation CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples

The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy The Future of Waste Management Emerging Paradigms Waste Conversion By-Products Continue to Grow in Economic Value Conversion Technology Thermal Biological / Chemical Physical Emerging Paradigms

Power Steam / Heat Electric Amendments/ Aggregates Fuels / Chemicals Syn Gas Bio Methane Chemical Fuels

Aggregate Mulch / Compost Cost and Affordability Solid Waste Alternatives Criteria Description Market Readiness Capital Cost Year 2013 Operational Cost-Unit Cost/ton Potential Revenue is Not Included in O&M Cost for the Various Options Landfill

(Phase 6A & 6B) Massburn WTE Now Now Waste to Biofuels 5-10 years Thermal Gasification WTE 10-15 years $43M $400M

$500M $300 M- $500 M $18.10/ton $35/ton $45-$50/ton $30/ton-$45/ton Todays Presentation

CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy Modern Waste-to-Energy (WTE) WTE disposes of 13% of the nations waste (U.S. EPA) 86 operating facilities 36 million people served 27 states

Generation capacity in excess of 2,700 MW 16 million MWhrs of renewable power generated annually 259 million tons per year currently disposed of in landfills represents an additional 142,450,000 MWhrs annually (equivalent to 16,261 MW of capacity) Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 15 Dominant WTE Technology in U.S. Advanced Massburn Combustion Technology Types ~ 74% are massburn facilities ~ 14% are refuse-derived fuel (RDF) facilities ~ 9% are modular

Energy Production 73% produce only electricity 20% produce steam and electricity 7% produce steam only Massburn requires no pre-processing of MSW Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 16 WTE Ownership and Operation in the U.S. Ownership 52% Privately Owned 48% Publically Owned Operation and Management 84% Privately Operated 16% Publically Operated

Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 17 STATE of TECHNOLOGY EMERGING (Higher Risk) PILOT SCALE DEMONSTRATION Biomass Direct Combustion MARKET ENTRY

PROVEN (Lower Risk) MARKET PENETRATION Co-firing (utility boilers) MARKET MATURITY Fluidized Bed Stoker Small Gasifier/ IC Engine

Biomass Gasification & Pyrolysis Gasification Boilers, Kilns Pyrolysis and Depolymerization Waste-toEnergy Massburn WTE & RDF Combustion22 Other Conversion Processes 11 Co- Digestion Anaerobic Digestion/

Ethanol 1. Includes RDF gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis 2. RDF = Refuse-derived fuel Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies 18 Todays Presentation CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples

Proven: Massburn, Ethanol The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy Florida Waste-to-Energy Facilities 12 Facilities 607 MW of Renewable Electricity Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 20 Typical Massburn WTE Crosssectional Diagram 21 Continuous Reductions of Emissions from Large and Small Municipal Waste Combustors Pollutant

CDD/CDF TEQ Basis * Mercury Cadmium Lead Particulate Matter HCL SO2 1990 Emissions (TPY) 44 57 9.6 170 18,600 57,400 38,300 2005 Emissions

(TPY) 15 2.3 0.4 5.5 780 3,200 4,600 Percent Reduction 99+% 96% 96% 97% 96% 94% 88%

64,900 49,500 24% NOx Source: EPA, August 2007 * Dioxin/furan emissions are in units of grams per year toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ), using 1989 NATO toxicity factors; all other pollutant emissions are in units of tons per year Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 22 Refuse Storage Pit at Massburn WTE Facility Modern WTE facilities typically

store 5 7 days of MSW Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 23 Advantages of Massburn WTE Minimal Residuals to the Landfill Typical WTE Ash Residue 75% weight reduction 90% volume reduction Proven Waste Conversion Technologies 24 Metals Liberated by the Combustion Process Recovered and Recycled for Additional Revenues

Ferrous metals everything including the kitchen sink Proven Waste Conversion Technologies Non-ferrous metals (aluminum, brass, bronze, copper, gold, silver, stainless) 25 Ethanol Production from Urban Yard and Wood Waste Future Feedstock for Cellulosic Ethanol: 10 MGY facility will require ~200,000 tons per year Promising Waste Conversion Technologies

STATE of TECHNOLOGY EMERGING (Higher Risk) PILOT SCALE DEMONSTRATION Biomass Direct Combustion MARKET ENTRY PROVEN (Lower Risk) MARKET PENETRATION

Co-firing (utility boilers) MARKET MATURITY Fluidized Bed Stoker Small Gasifier/ IC Engine Biomass Gasification & Pyrolysis

Gasification Boilers, Kilns Pyrolysis and Depolymerization Waste-toEnergy Massburn WTE & RDF Combustion22 Other Conversion Processes 11 Co- Digestion Anaerobic Digestion 1. Includes RDF gasification, plasma gasification, and pyrolysis 2. RDF = Refuse-derived fuel Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies

27 Todays Presentation CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples In Development: Plasma Arc Gasification, Staged Combustion The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy Reference Plasma Arc Projects

Japan Yoshi (Hitachi Metals, 166 TPD pilot plant 1999 to 2000) Utashinai City ( 165 TPD in 2002) Mihama / Mikata (28 TPD in 2002) Canada Ottawa (100 TPD demonstration scale in 2008) England Faringdon, Oxfordshire (Advanced Plasma Power -modular test facility) Experimental Waste Conversion Technologies St. Lucie County Plasma Gasification Project 6 year development process, project abandoned in 2011

2012 St. Lucie County selected Covanta for CleerGas Process 2 X 300 TPD for Combined Heat and Power Promising Waste Conversion Technologies Current St. Lucie County Covanta Gasification Project Performance advantages vs. conventional WTE: Better control of syngas combustion lower NOx and CO generation Lower air requirement lower flue gas flow, higher boiler efficiency, lower particulate,

smaller equipment Promising Waste Conversion Technologies Florida Recent WTE Success Stories Indian River County Bio-Energy Center Palm Beach County 3,000-TPD Massburn Facility Ineos Bio-Energy Center (2012) Indian River County Florida 400 direct jobs in construction, engineering and manufacturing Injected more than $25 million dollars directly into the Florida economy 60 full-time

employees Phase 1: 8MG/yr from 400 tpd biomass Phase 2: 50MG/yr from MSW/RDF Promising Waste Conversion Technologies $4 million annually in payroll to the local community Palm Beach County, Florida (2012) New 3,000-TPD Massburn WTE Rendering Incorporating Both Sustainability and Aesthetics 2 MG Florida Case Studies Palm Beach County Todays Presentation

CDM Smith solid waste experience Current solid waste system Benefits and Limitations of Waste Conversion Technologies Waste Conversion Technology Examples The Long Term 15 to 20 years in the future COJ Solid Waste Strategy My Vision of the Future of WTE and Industry Integration of MRFs with WTE facilities Recycling of ash with other recycled aggregates (crushed concrete, RAP, ceramics, brick, stone, etc.)

Internal use of renewable electricity for powering of water treatment and recycling processes Biorefinery projects (waste-to-biofuels) including addition of local energy crops The paradigm of the 21st century shifts from waste management to Resource Management Conclusion 36 Municipal Utility Campus Synergies Integration of waste-to-energy with water and wastewater treatment plants Solid Waste MRF

Excess Electricity to Grid WTE Electricity to Utility Complex Sanitary Waste WWTP Excess Stormwater Synergistic Opportunities WTE and Water Reclaimed Water to Grid Reclaimed Water

Wet Weather Storage Wells WTP Potable Water to Grid 37 LandfillsLowest Rung of the ISWM System, But Prime Sites for Development of Eco-Parks Reliable supply of feedstock MSW, C&D Wastes, Biomass Proper zoning and buffer

from neighboring developments Generally have land suitable for development and temporary stockpiling of resources (aggregates, biomass, tires, wood) LFGTE can also be used for Eco-campus Internal use of electricity Internal use of biogas for heat (drying of WWTP biosolids) Alternate to CNG for powering waste collection fleet Integrated Solid Waste Management 38 Palm Beach County Florida ISWM Campus Florida Case Studies Palm Beach County Palm Beach County, Florida Regional Biosolids Processing Facility

Florida Case Studies Palm Beach County 40 City of Jacksonville Solid Waste Strategy Permit full landfill expansion Take advantage of favorable permitting environment Landfill expansion represents the most impactful land use for permitting purposes Phase 6-8 Landfill Expansion 41

City of Jacksonville Solid Waste Strategy Options are open to modify the permit to accommodate future WTE technology City evaluated Massburn in 1984 and decided not to pursue it Other WTE technologies are not ready for commercial scale implementation Future Technology (WTE) Landfill

reserved for WTE byproducts Phase 6 Landfill Expansion 42 Thank You for the Opportunity to Share! Paul Hauck, P.E. CDM Smith 1715 N. Westshore Boulevard, Suite 875 Tampa, Florida 33607 (813) 281-2900 [email protected] Conclusion Well see it,

when we believe it! 43 My Humble Career BS Mechanical Engineering 1973 Commercial Nuclear Power Industry (17 years) Waste-to-Energy Industry (23 years) Construction

Research and Marketing Consulting (WTE Retrofits, Expansions, O&M) Public Works Consulting (10 years) Ethanol Project Development (2 years) CDM Smith Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies Discipline Leader (5 years)

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