Alexander The Great Mr. Anders & Ms. Lee Macedonia Phillip II of Macedon Ruled Macedonia from 359336 B.C. and transformed it into a powerful military machine Moved into northern Greece and met little resistance due to residual effects of Peloponnesian War By 338 he had Greece
under his control Macedonian Battle Tactics Used as a brute-force breakthrough formation. Philip made the Phalanx a versatile weapon, with the ability to advance, hold and retreat in good order. It was primarily used as a holding force while the Companion cavalry delivered the main blow against the enemy.
The Phalanx Companion Calvary Alexander the Great Phillip II is assassinated in 336 BCE Alexander is crowned king Phillip had prepared Alexander well for kingship Military Experience Tutors
Alexander the Great Heavily influenced by Greek culture Inspired by the stories of Achilles and Hercules. Kept a dagger and a copy of the Iliad under his pillow. Wanted his accomplishments to surpass those of Hercules. Alexanders Vision
Alexander moved quickly to fulfil his fathers dream The conquest of the Persian Empire! The Conquest Begins 334 BCE His army totaled 37,000 Greek and Macedonian men. 5,000 of which were cavalry. Darius III, king of Persia, called forth a massive multinational army to meet the invaders.
Estimates range from 200,000 to one million soldiers The Conquests of Alexander Conquests Dates 1 Freed Ionian Greek 333 BCE cities
2 Palestine, Syria, & 332 BCE Egypt 3 The Battle of Gaugamela 331 BCE Alexander was still not satisfied!
1. Heavily outnumbered, Alexander crushes the Persians at the Battle of Issus. 2. Alexander establishes Alexandria as the Greek capitol of Egypt! 3. Near Babylon, Alexander
decisively defeats Darius! Becomes the ruler of the entire Persian Empire! The Conquests of Alexander For the next three years, Alexander moves east and northeast. Afghanistan & Pakistan In 326 BCE, Alexander moves into India. Series of a hard fought campaigns
Macedonians refuse to go any farther Alexanders army returned to Babylon, where he dies in June 323 BCE of wounds, fever, and too much alcohol. Why was Alexander so successful?? Great Military Leader Master of strategy and tactics He was fearless Led his men into battle
Willing to risk his own life While in India, Alexander was the first to leap over a city wall in order to inspire his troops. Example of a Timeline 356 BC 336 BC 332 BC 326 BC
324 BC Alexander the Great is born. Death of King Phillip and Crowning of Alexander the Great as ruler of Macedonia The Siege
of Tyre Battle of River Hydaspes Troops mutiny at Opis 323 B.C 356 B.C
338 BC Battle of Chaeronea 334 BC Battle of the Granicus River Alexander The Great 331 BC 327 BC
323 BC Foundation of Alexandria and Battle of Gaugamela Marriage to Roxane and the Beginning of the Indian Quest The Death of
Alexander the Great Alexanders Legacy The Marriage of East & West Alexander the Great ushered in the Hellenistic Age A period where Greek influence could be found throughout the known world! Your Turn In 7-10 sentences, summarize Alexander the Greats life. Be
sure to use details! Be specific!! Does Alexander really deserve the title the great?
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