A more in depth analysis of Rhyme, Rhythm and Meter

A more in depth analysis of Rhyme, Rhythm and Meter

A more in depth analysis of Rhyme, Rhythm and Meter RHYME The repetition of sounds Example: hat, cat, brat, fat, mat, sat My Beard by Shel Silverstein My beard grows to my toes, I never wears no clothes, I wraps my hair Around my bare, And down the road I goes. Here is another example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGrcdq2viZg

RHYTHM The beat When reading a poem out loud, you may notice a sort of sing-song quality to it, just like in nursery rhymes. This is accomplished by the use of rhythm. Rhythm is broken into seven types. Iambic Monosyllabic Anapestic Spondaic Trochaic Accentual Dactylic

Most Used Less Common These identify patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. That means one syllable is pronounced stronger, and one syllable is softer. iambic: anapestic: trochaic: dactylic: unstressed

stressed METER The length of a line of poetry, based on what type of rhythm is used. The length of a line of poetry is measured in metrical units called FEET. Each foot consists of one unit of rhythm. So, if the line is iambic or trochaic, a foot of poetry has 2 syllables. If the line is anapestic or dactylic, a foot of poetry has 3 syllables. (This is where its going to start sounding like geometry class, so you left-brainers are gonna love this!) Each set of syllables is one foot, and each line is measured by how many feet are in it. The length of the line of poetry is then labeled according to how many feet are in it.

1: Monometer 5: Pentameter 2: Dimeter 6: Hexameter 3: Trimeter 7: Heptameter 4: Tetrameter 8: Octameter *there is rarely more than 8 feet*

She Walks in Beauty I. She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all thats best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies. Reading this poem out loud makes the rhythm evident. Which syllables are more pronounced? Which are naturally softer?

II. One shade the more, one ray the less, Count the syllables in Had half impaired the nameless grace each line to Which waves in every raven tress, determine the meter. Or softly lightens oer her face; Where thoughts serenely sweet express, How pure, how dear their dwelling-place. III. And on that cheek, and oer that brow, Examination of this poem So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, reveals that it would be The smiles that win, the tints that glow, considered iambic tetrameter. But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below,

A heart whose love is innocent! Now try this one: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bF1Qzjm eYpY First, count the syllables. Second, divide by two. Remember these groups of two are called feet. Third, label the meter. Fourth, listen carefully to the rhythm. Is it a rising rhythm or a falling rhythm?

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