9.1 Questions

9.1 Questions

9.1 Questions 1. What idea did Protestant revivalist Charles Grandison Finney emphasize in his sermons? Second Great Awakening Religious reformation Main idea: Everyone has the power to reform himself Lyman Beecher added to this: people reform selves leads to

good people living in a good country 2. What social conditions contributed to the growth of transcendentalism, the temperance movement, and utopian communities? Poverty, alcoholism, illiteracy, overcrowded

housing, poor healthcare, abuse of women, declining moral values 3. Why did Horace Mann favor free public education? Democracy cannot survive without literate people Learn to read, write, and become

good citizens Education also taught manners, discipline, religion, respect The absolute right to an education of every human being that comes into the world NOT in Constitution Many women and African Americans denied right

4. What impact did Dorothea Dix have on prison reform during the mid-1800s? Visited hospitals and focused on mentally ill Treated them as patients, not prisoners Led to greater awareness of mentally ill Creation of many mental hospitals 5. Your Reformer

Horace Mann, Dorothea Dix, Charles Grandison Finney, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau Key Themes and Ideas 1800s were NOT a pleasant time period See question 2 Reforms were need to improve society Religious- Protestant

Philosophical- Transcendentalist Def- instinct and spiritual > observation Social- Temperance and Abstinence Educational Reforms not completely successful Segregation, poverty, and laziness often succeeded

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