4009849 - Amazon S3

4009849 - Amazon S3

Antibiotic Resistance P.Naina Mohamed Pharmacologist Introduction Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of microorganisms that cause disease to withstand attack by

antimicrobial medicines. The ability of pathogens that works against the antibiotics, is termed Antibiotic Resistance. Antimicrobials like antibiotics, antivirals, and others are losing their effectiveness because of antimicrobial resistance. Up to half of antibiotic prescriptions is unnecessary or inappropriate. If patients have a sore throat, the physician should take a throat culture test. If the test results indicate that a bacterial infection is present, then antibiotics should be prescribed to treat the infection. There is no sure way of knowing whether a cold or sickness is a bacterial infection without a test. Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic

Year Deployed Resistance Observed Sulphonamides 1930s 1940s Penicillin 1943

1946 Streptomycin 1943 1959 Chloramphenicol 1947 1959 Tetracycline

1948 1953 Erythromycin 1952 1988 Vancomycin 1956 1988

Methicillin 1960 1961 Ampicillin 1961 1973 Cephalosporins 1960s

Late 1960s Common causes 1. Overuse Physicians Incorrect diagnosis and Prescribing Antibiotics for Viral (Seasonal Flu) infections, 2 or more antibiotics together, unnecessary long courses of antibiotics Kills Resident Bacterias (Normal flora) Some are survived Antibiotic resistant genes Passing of these genes to Pathogenic bacterias Antibiotic resistance Common causes 2. Misuse

Patients Not finishing full course of antibiotics Misuse Leaving 1 or 2 doses Some bacteria not killed Resistance developed for future antibiotic treatment Common causes 3. OTC antibiotics Antibiotics Available as OTC medicines Inappropriate use Overuse or Misuse Antibiotic resistance Common causes

4. Healthcare Workers Hospital Healthcare Workers Not following infection control protocols Resistance transferred by bacteria swapping genes Common causes 5. Hospitalized Patients Hospital Patients with compromised health Exposed to Pathogenic organisms Increased usage of different antibiotics Rapid development of Resistance Common causes 6. Animal Feed

Animal feed Mixed with antibiotics to prevent infections and to promote growth Resistant organisms in animals Spread to Human Interesting, right? This is just a sneak preview of the full presentation. We hope you like it! To see the rest of it, just click here to view it in full on PowerShow.com. Then, if youd like, you can also log in to PowerShow.com to download the entire presentation for free.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Unit One Essential Questions - Larsen History

    Unit One Essential Questions - Larsen History

    Proverb: a short, pithy saying in general use, stating a general truth or piece of advice. Pithy: sends a powerful, forceful message in only a few words. On your whiteboards, Explain your group's proverb. Write your own proverb and add...
  • Supreme Court Cases - Marion County Public Schools

    Supreme Court Cases - Marion County Public Schools

    10th Grade/English 3 Florida Collections, pages 361-369. Essential Question: How does Rebecca Makkai develop her characters through thoughts, actions, and interactions with others? ... How was the chef's analysis to the test question on lines 135-140 different from his approach...
  • Mendelian Genetics: What we learned? Mendels contributions? Mendelian

    Mendelian Genetics: What we learned? Mendels contributions? Mendelian

    A cross yields a corn cob with 705 blue and 224 yellow kernels (blue>yellow). What is the genotype of the parents? (Or, what cross yielded these results?)
  • LEADERSHIP - Optimist International

    LEADERSHIP - Optimist International

    Leadership Practices and Measures of Success . Leadership. Dear Optimist: There are Hidden Talents within each of us just waiting to be discovered, unearthed, and excavated! And, just like those precious stones that the earth yields up, which require further...
  • Product Lifecycle Management - Jamk

    Product Lifecycle Management - Jamk

    Product Lifecycle Management Cost of Quality Pasi Kaipainen, Mika Huhta Cost of Quality Management is an approach to reducing the Cost of Quality (COQ), the sum of all costs incurred throughout the product lifecycle due to poor quality Cost of...
  • Introduction to autism - mugsy.org

    Introduction to autism - mugsy.org

    It would be completely beyond the ability of most autistic people to work out the answer to this question, even though it seems obvious to us. An unsafe world A world where everyone else understands the rules, even when the...
  • hjkjhkjhLeading the Post Observation Conference

    hjkjhkjhLeading the Post Observation Conference

    Stronge Model, 2001, 2007 ... How do you do teacher observations and the post observation conference? ... Recommended practice in teacher evaluation empowers the teacher and calls for collaborative effort between teachers and between the teacher and administrator to help...
  • Slayt 1 - DEU

    Slayt 1 - DEU

    Steven Paul Jobs (24 Şubat 1955 - 5 Ekim 2011) 2007470003 Mine Melike Aksoy 2007470090 Gülberk Yenice Green Bay, Wisconsin 'de, Amerikalı Joanne Carole Schieble ve Suriye asıllı Abdulfattah John Jandali'nin oğlu olarak dünyaya gelmiştir.