スライド 1 - tier.org.tw

スライド 1 - tier.org.tw

LCMT-TF6-03.2 Agenda Item 3 APEC Low Carbon Town Indicator [ APEC LCT-I ] Ver.1 Progress Report Background Current situation The LCMT concept was formed by APEC since 2011 1) F/S of 2 Towns (Yujiapu, Tianjin, China and Samui, Thailand) are complete 2) F/S of 3rd Town ( Danang, VietNam ) is now in progress Post Feasibility Study: 1)Yujiapu is now implementing the F/S outputs; 2) Samui continues to study about eco-lifestyle Realization of LCT is expected to continue in many economies an d regions. But the process of executing LCT varies widely by economy Purpose In the future, increase in LCT projects in many economies and regions is expected A uniform methodology is necessary to promote LCT. Use of LCT-I in projects is desired [[ Propose Propose APEC APEC LCT-I LCT-I ]] Form Form comprehensive comprehensive and and integrated integrated LCT LCT Indexes Indexes that that can can 1) 1) adequately

adequately study study LC LC measures measures 2) 2) manage manage project project progress progress of of LCT LCT projects projects by by referencing referencing past past LCMT LCMT outcomes outcomes Principles of APEC LCT-I Study (i) Indicators are simple and easy-tounderstand (ii) Indicators reflect the conditions of each economy and project characteristics (iii) Indicators are based on existing APEC LCMT FS outcomes, existing assessment indicators, and international trends Principles of APEC LCT-I Study Descriptions of Existing LC Towns Low Carbon Town in the APEC by APEC LCMT CONCEPT Type of Town (I) Urban - 1 (Central Business District : CBD) Low Carbon Town Project Yujiapu CBD,Tianjin*1 Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco City Quezon City Green CBD Putrajaya Green City

Economy China China Philippine Malaysia Population 500,000 350,000 Da Nang *3 Cebu City *3 Surabaya *3 Yokohama Smart City Project Plunggol Eco Town Thailand Viet Nam Philippine Indonesia Japan Singapore 160,000 1million * 820,000 2.8 million * 3.7 million * Muang Klang Low Carbon City Jeju Island Smart Green City Low Carbon Island (Penghu Island and Others) Thailand Korea Chinese Taipei 17,000 6,000 households 88,000

Samui Island *2 Thailand 53,990 (II) Urban - 2 (Commercial Oriented Town) Chiang Mai (III) Urban 3 (Residential Oriented Town) (IV) Rural *1 LCMT Phase I feasibility study *2 LCMT Phase II feasibility study *3 Pilot City of WB Eco2 Cities Project * Total population 68,000 (300,000 planned) ) APEC LCMT CONCEPT Applications of APEC LCT-I [How to use APEC LCT-I] In principle, assessment should be conducted by individual economy. However, assessment by a third party (consulting firm, etc.) is also acceptable. Each economy shall review and correct low carbon activities based on the assessment findings (PDCA). Progress shall be evaluated on a regular basis (evaluation frequency shall be determined by each economy). A third-party review or certification system may be established in future. Structure of APEC LCT-I Image of Low Carbon Town and LC measures Structure of APEC LCT-I Areas and measures covered by APEC LCT-I

The appropriate set of low carbon measures or technologies will depend on the size of the area and the characteristics of the evaluation area. Evaluation area is set within the LCMT boundary (project boundary, administrative district) Building Higher insulation High-efficiency building services system Use of natural energy (Natural ventilation, day lighting) Reuse of sewage water Greenery on site Block & District Region City Allocating district heating and cooling systems and linking them Untapped energy sea & river water waste heat from incinerator dispersed power system Renewable energy (PV, Wind Power) Reuse of water & wastes - Power plant - Gas plant Wind along the canopy Continuous greenery on site Water supply & sewage Gas supply Electric power supply Multiple use trench Information network Block plan (with appropriate open space) Rich greenery network to mitigate heat-island impact Appropriate transportation system

Directly related to CO2 reduction Indirectly related to CO2 reduction APEC LCMT Phase1 report Structure of APEC LCT-I Low carbon categories and measures evaluated by APEC LCT-I Demand Side Low Carbon Town Structure 1. Town Structure Low Carbon Building 2. Buildings Transit Oriented Development Environment space development Reducing heat loads Passive energy design & equipment Highly efficient equipment & facilities 3.Energy Management Business EMS Home EMS Systems (EMS) 4. Transportation Low carbon Traffic Factory EMS Public transportation systems Low Carbon Vehicles & Facilities Supply

side 5. Area Energy Network 6. Untapped Energy 7. Renewable Energy Demand & Supply Area Energy Network Untapped Energy Area EMS Traffic demand management + District heating /cooling Using sea/river water Using waste heat Renewable Energy 8. Smart Grid System Smart Grid Smart energy system Additional category : Environment, eco life style, organization and CO2 emission [Reference] The Concept of the Low-Carbon town in the APEC Region Evaluation Structure of APEC LCT-I Partial List of Evaluation Categories Town Classification Category Architecture EMS

Evaluation Item Evaluation Index U-1 CBD U-2 Commercial Rural Ratio of number of energy efficient buildings in the area Building Insulation PAL 1) Energy Efficiency of Building Equipment ERB 2)

Building and Area Energy Management Existence of building EMS implementation plan Existence of factory EMS implementation plan Existence of area EMS implementation plan Promotion of Public Transportation Public transportation mode share

Formation of Transport Hub Existence of more than 2 types of transport hubs Low-carbon Public Transportation Existence of BRT or LRT implementation plan Existence of electric bus or natural gas vehicle implementation plan Energy U-3 Residential Energy-saving Buildings Existence of home EMS implementation plan Transportation Evaluation Score Low-carbon Vehicles Diffusion rate of EV and PHV

Transportation Demand Management Existence of car sharing or rental bike system implementation plan District Heating and Cooling System (DHC) Ratio over total energy consumption Renewable Energy Ratio over total energy consumption Untapped Energy Ratio over total energy consumption

Smart Grid Existence of smart grid implementation plan 1) PAL: Perimeter Annual Load 2) ERB: Energy Reduction Rate of Building Equipment Evaluation Structure of APEC LCT-I [Structure of Evaluation] Assessments are performed on individual categories and overall performance. Assessment results are expressed in 3-scale rating systems, i.e., // (overall) and 1-3 point (category). Evaluation criteria for each category can be set by individual economies Score of individual category is calculated based on the aggregate performance of sub-items; overall score of the LCT is the average score of individual categories. organization Overall Score 1.7 CO2 reduction 470 t-co2/year

Minimum level for economy Standard level for economy Ideal level for economy eco life style environment energy urban structure architecture EMS transportation Study Flow Examination of existing low carbon, energy efficiency and smart city indicators Examination of management indicator system structure Examination of scope of management indicator system Examination of evaluation field and indicators Examination of quantitative (or qualitative) evaluation method Sensitivity analysis of management indicators Selection of target cities for evaluation studies Execution of evaluation studies and sensitive analysis External activities for the creation of management indicators Preparation of report Current Study Phase Analysis sample Clarification point of view : Ease of evaluation & Ease of data collection Ease of Understanding (volume of information from evaluation results) List Type Rating System

(large) Star Type Rating System (small) Suffix : ABC Index (Number of indexes, Number of Output evaluation Items ) Smart City Index(57,57) Global City Indicators (53, 53) European Initiative on Smart Cities (N/A) Yujiapu(35, 35) Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities(33, 33) Tianjin Eco-city (26, 26) Simple and easy-toGreen Growth Indicators (20, understand 20) indicators CASBEE-City(38, 5) J-CODE(53, 3) CASBEE-Town(82, 5) LEED-ND (110, 4) Green City Index (30, 1) Easy (less) Ease of Data Collection Number of indexes Difficult more Thank you for your attention We are studying continuously!

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