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REGENTS EXAM IN GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHYThe University of the State of New YorkREGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATIONGLOBAL HISTORYAND GEOGRAPHYWednesday, June 18, 2014 — 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., onlyStudent NameSchool NameThe possession or use of any communications device is strictly prohibitedwhen taking this examination. If you have or use any communicationsdevice, no matter how briefly, your examination will be invalidated andno score will be calculated for you.Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. A separate answersheet for Part I has been provided to you. Follow the instructions from the proctor forcompleting the student information on your answer sheet. Then fill in the heading of eachpage of your essay booklet.This examination has three parts. You are to answer all questions in all parts. Use blackor dark-blue ink to write your answers to Parts II, III A, and III B.Part I contains 50 multiple-choice questions. Record your answers to these questionsas directed on the answer sheet.Part II contains one thematic essay question. Write your answer to this question inthe essay booklet, beginning on page 1.Part III is based on several documents:Part III A contains the documents. When you reach this part of the test, enteryour name and the name of your school on the first page of this section.Each document is followed by one or more questions. Write your answer to eachquestion in this examination booklet on the lines following that question.Part III B contains one essay question based on the documents. Write youranswer to this question in the essay booklet, beginning on page 7.When you have completed the examination, you must sign the declaration printed atthe end of the answer sheet, indicating that you had no unlawful knowledge of the questionsor answers prior to the examination and that you have neither given nor received assistancein answering any of the questions during the examination. Your answer sheet cannot beaccepted if you fail to sign this declaration.DO NOT OPEN THIS EXAMINATION BOOKLET UNTIL THE SIGNAL IS GIVEN.REGENTS EXAM IN GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

Part IAnswer all questions in this part.Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of theword or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.Early Israelites: Abraham’s Journey, ca. 2000 B.C.HaranNinevehHamathUpper Sea(Mediterranean Sea)MariAssurTigris RiverCANAANEuphrates RiverHebronMemphisBabylonBABYLONIAUrNile RiverABRAHAM’S JOURNEYLower Sea(Persian Gulf)RedSeaSource: Farah and Karls, World History: The Human Experience, Section Focus Transparencies, McGraw-Hill(adapted)1 Based on the information provided by this map, where did Abraham’s journey originate?(1) Sahara Desert(3) Mesopotamia(2) Nile River valley(4) Mediterranean Sea3 Which concept is essential to the study ofeconomic systems?(1) self-determination(3) citizenship(2) factors of production (4) human rights2 People do not often create records for the benefitof historians. They produce them for otherreasons. — Chris Hinton, 1998Based on this statement, historical sources oftencontain(1) evidence that can be biased(2) facts that are completely balanced andreliable(3) accounts that represent all points of view(4) summaries that detail research about thedistant pastGlobal Hist. & Geo. – June ’144 Which major geographic feature has hinderedcultural diffusion between India and China?(1) Himalaya Mountains (3) Gobi Desert(2) Deccan Plateau(4) Great Rift Valley[2]

Base your answer to question 11 on the chartbelow and on your knowledge of social studies.5 Which statement about the Bantu migration is anopinion rather than a fact?(1) The migration occurred gradually over a longperiod of time.(2) Language and knowledge spread fromnorthwestern to southern and eastern Africa.(3) The lack of primary documents makes itdifficult to determine the exact cause of themigration.(4) Bantu civilization was superior to thosecivilizations that it displaced.Objects Discovered off the Java Coast in the10th-Century Cirebon Shipwreck Emerald green Islamic glass Chinese porcelain decorated with dragonsand birds Jeweled gold-plated Arabian ceremonialdaggers Bronze religious objects with Hindu andBuddhist symbols6 Historically, the Huang He has also been knownas the “River of Sorrows” because(1) frozen ports have made trade difficult(2) cataracts have made transportation impossible(3) floods have destroyed crops and villages(4) burials have taken place at the sacred waters11 What does this archaeological find indicate aboutSoutheast Asia during the 10th century?(1) Religious objects from China were a majorimport.(2) Precious gems and metals were exported toAfrica.(3) Europeans dominated East Asian and MiddleEastern trade networks.(4) The region served as a crossroads betweenArab and Chinese traders.7 Both the Han dynasty and the Roman Empirewere known for(1) developing decentralized political structures(2) having governments dominated by amerchant class(3) using examinations to select officials(4) having long periods of stable government12 Development and expansion of banking,insurance companies, and stock exchanges wereessential to the system of(1) feudalism(3) capitalism(2) tribute(4) bartering8 Which belief system is considered monotheistic?(1) Judaism(3) Confucianism(2) Shinto(4) animism9 The Golden Age of India’s Gupta Empire isknown for its(1) development of gunpowder(2) sea trade routes to Europe(3) acceptance of Christianity as an official religion(4) advancements in mathematics and medicine13 A key feature of European Renaissance culturewas(1) an outlook emphasizing classicism, secularism,and individualism(2) a reliance on the Pope and his knights tomaintain political stability(3) a shift in production from the domesticsystem to the factory system(4) a way of thinking stressing humility andChristian faith10 Which geographic factor enabled the cities ofNanjing and Mogadishu to develop into powerfultrading centers?(1) location on waterways(2) abundance of natural resources(3) predictable rainfall from the monsoon cycle(4) access to mountain passesGlobal Hist. & Geo. – June ’14[3][OVER]

19 Why is Ferdinand Magellan’s voyage considered aturning point in world history?(1) Portugal’s claims to southern Africa wereestablished.(2) His ship was the first to land in the Americas.(3) One of his ships was the first to circumnavigateEarth.(4) Britain’s control of the seas ended.14 Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII allplayed a key role in the(1) attempts made to reclaim the Holy Land(2) fall of the Ottoman Empire(3) end of religious unity in Europe(4) establishment of parliamentary democracy inBritain15 The practice of Islam throughout much of WestAfrica is evidence that(1) Islam spread beyond the borders of theArabian peninsula(2) Chinese trade carried Islamic beliefs toWest Africa(3) Islam originated in West Africa and spread tothe Middle East(4) Europeans encouraged Islamic beliefs duringthe colonial period20 In the 17th and 18th centuries, the primary goalof mercantilism as practiced by Europeancountries was to(1) glorify the power and aggressiveness of themilitary(2) create laws which guaranteed individualfreedoms(3) teach the natives Christianity and offer themprotection in exchange for labor(4) increase their supply of gold and silver througha favorable balance of trade16 Which statement is consistent with the ideas ofNiccolò Machiavelli?(1) Democratic principles should be followedfaithfully.(2) The law should be subject to the will of theleader.(3) Human rights should be respected in allcountries.(4) Markets should operate with little governmental interference.21 The impact of the printing press, astrolabe, andcaravel on 16th-century Europe demonstrates theability of technology to(1) limit which ideas can be transmitted(2) redefine human understanding of the world(3) reinforce established traditional beliefs(4) exploit new sources of energy22 One way in which Peter the Great, Louis XIV, andPhilip II are similar is that each(1) supported missionary efforts of the RomanCatholic Church(2) sought to centralize power by limiting thepower of the nobility(3) fought to block the establishment of Britishcolonies in the Western Hemisphere(4) challenged feudal practices by emancipatingserfs17 What was a major cause for the shift in Europeantrade from the Mediterranean Sea to the AtlanticOcean during the late 1400s?(1) OttomanTurksseizedcontrolofConstantinople.(2) The Ming dynasty authorized Zheng He tomake long-distance voyages.(3) The Tokugawa shogunate adopted anisolationist policy.(4) Christian crusaders captured Jerusalem.23 New scientific knowledge and understandingsthat developed during the Scientific Revolutionwere most often based on(1) observation and experimentation(2) church law and faith(3) superstition and ancient practices(4) geometric formulas and astrology18 The location of the Inca civilization of SouthAmerica demonstrates the(1) importance of trade with western Europe(2) ability of humans to adapt the environment(3) influence of cultural diversity(4) complexity of indigenous belief systemsGlobal Hist. & Geo. – June ’14[4]

Base your answer to question 30 on the speakers’statements below and on your knowledge of socialstudies.24 Which pair correctly links the region whereEnlightenment ideas first developed to a regionto which those ideas spread?(1) Asia eastern Europe(2) Africa southeastern Asia(3) western Europe the Americas(4) eastern Africa IndiaSpeaker A: The British East India Company doesnot respect my beliefs. I cannot followdharma and remain their soldier. I willreturn to my family in a Tamil village.Speaker B: My rebellious countrymen cannot acceptmy new religion and so they hate me andmy “foreign devil” friends. Themissionaries leave Beijing tomorrow forEngland. I must join them before thechurch compound is surrounded.Speaker C: The czar’s soldiers came again today,looted our village, drove off ourlivestock, and trampled anyone in theirway. They even burned our synagogue.Our way of life is gone. It is time toemigrate to Palestine.25 Baron de Montesquieu believed that a separationof powers would(1) prevent tyranny by acting as a check on power(2) restore authority to the Roman CatholicChurch(3) increase corruption of political authority(4) decrease the power of the middle class26 Which mountains were an obstacle to SimónBolívar’s efforts to unify Gran Colombia?(1) Alps(3) Zagros(2) Andes(4) Urals30 What is the primary focus of these speakers?(1) civil war(2) economic reforms(3) religious persecution(4) colonial oppression27 Abundant coal resources Development of steam power Building of an extensive canal systemIn the late 1700s, these conditions allowed theIndustrial Revolution to begin in(1) Japan(3) Russia(2) Germany(4) England31 Which condition is most closely associated withMexico between 1910 and 1930?(1) revolutions and political instability(2) establishment of a state religion(3) rapid industrialization by locally ownedcorporations(4) widespread support for foreign intervention28 Laissez-faire practices are most closely associatedwith a(1) traditional economy(2) market economy(3) command economy(4) mixed economy32 The difficult, year-long journey made by MaoZedong and his Communist followers in 1934through China’s mountains, marshes, and riverswas called the(1) Cultural Revolution (3) Boxer Rebellion(2) Great Leap Forward (4) Long March29 As a result of the Russo-Japanese War, Japancame to be seen by Europeans as(1) a likely area for colonization(2) the strongest of the imperialist countries(3) a leader in the movement for nonalignment(4) an emerging global threatGlobal Hist. & Geo. – June ’14[5][OVER]

Base your answer to question 33 on the map below and on your knowledge of social by-SeaWeymouthLDGOlannehClishgCherbourgEnDieppeLe Havre0 km50SeineSaintLô0 mirveoDCalais2 SWORDOUN3J2Portland1ODartmouthMA1 UTHAAHStraitofDoverCaendN o r m a n50FRANCEy1American2British3CanadianSource: National Geographic Magazine online, 2002 (adapted)33 The World War II military action shown on this map was significant because it(1) took the pressure off the war in the Pacific(2) led directly to the war crimes trials in Nuremberg(3) caused Germany to resort to unrestricted submarine warfare(4) forced Germany to fight the Allies on eastern and western fronts35 In the 1940s, the leadership of the IndianNational Congress and the leadership of theMuslim League supported the goal of(1) helping the British fight World War II(2) removing British control from the subcontinent(3) abolishing caste distinctions and discrimination(4) establishing a unified government based onreligious teachings34 Which statement about the Soviet economyunder Joseph Stalin is accurate?(1) The Soviet Union increased its power bydeveloping heavy industry.(2) The government reduced its role in planningindustrial production.(3) Farmers were encouraged to compete in afree market economy.(4) A large selection of consumer goods becameavailable in the Soviet Union.Global Hist. & Geo. – June ’14[6]

Base your answer to question 36 on the time line below and on your knowledge of social studies.1917BalfourDeclaration191019201948State of 9CampDavidAccords198036 Which region is directly associated with the events shown on this time line?(1) Latin America(3) Central Africa(2) Middle East(4) Southeast Asia38 Immediately after World War II, which countryexerted political and economic control overPoland, Hungary, and Romania?(1) France(3) Soviet Union(2) United States(4) Great BritainBase your answer to question 37 on the cartoonbelow and on your knowledge of social studies.39 The main reason oil-producing states formed theO