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Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationNeonatal Nutrition and MetabolismNeonatal nutrition has a pivotal role in normal child development and is of even greater importance in the sick orpremature neonate. This substantially revised and updatednew edition includes a comprehensive account of the basicscience, metabolism, and nutritional requirements of theneonate, and a greatly expanded number of chapters dealing in depth with clinical issues ranging from intrauterinegrowth restriction, intravenous feeding, nutritional therapies for inborn errors of metabolism, and care of the neonatal surgical patient. Evolving from these scientific andclinical aspects, the volume highlights the important longterm effects of fetal and neonatal growth on health in laterlife. In addition, there are very practical chapters on methods and techniques for assessing nutritional status, bodycomposition, and evaluating metabolic function. Writtenby an authoritative, international team of contributors,this will be an essential source of scientific knowledge andclinical reference.Dr. Patti J. Thureen and Dr. William W. Hay Jr. are at theDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Colorado HealthSciences Center, Denver, Colorado. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationNeonatal Nutrition and MetabolismSecond EditionEdited byPatti J. ThureenWilliam W. Hay Jr. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationcambridge university pressCambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São PauloCambridge University PressThe Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UKPublished in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New Yorkwww.cambridge.orgInformation on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521824559C Mosby Year Book 1999First edition C Cambridge University Press 2006Second edition This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exceptionand to the provision of relevant collective licensing agreements,no reproduction of any part may take place withoutthe written permission from Cambridge University Press.First published 1999 by Mosby Year BookSecond edition published 2006 by Cambridge University PressPrinted in the United Kingdom at the University Press, CambridgeA catalog record for this publication is available from the British LibraryISBN-13 978-0-521-82455-2 hardbackISBN-10 0-521-82455-9 hardbackEvery effort has been made in preparing this publication to provide accurate andup-to-date information which is in accord with accepted standards and practice atthe time of publication. Although case histories are drawn from actual cases, everyeffort has been made to disguise the identities of the individuals involved.Nevertheless, the authors, editors and publishers can make no warranties that theinformation contained herein is totally free from error, not least because clinicalstandards are constantly changing through research and regulation. The authors,editors and publisher therefore disclaim all liability for direct or consequentialdamages resulting from the use of material contained in this book. Readers arestrongly advised to pay careful attention to information provided by themanufacturer of any drugs or equipment that they plan to use.Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy ofURLs for external or third-party Internet websites referred to in this publication,and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain,accurate or approriate. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationPatti Thureen: To my very caring andsupportive family – Ken, Alex and Christina.Bill Hay: To Judy, Emily and Bill, and Andy,who make everything I do worthwhile. Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationContentsList of contributorsPrefaceAcknowledgmentsList of abbreviations1Fetal nutritionF. H. Bloomfield and J. E. Harding2Determinants of intrauterine growthJ. W. Sparks and I. Cetin3Aspects of fetoplacental nutrition inintrauterine growth restriction andmacrosomiaT. R. H. Regnault, S. W. Limesand, and W. W. Haypage xixviixixxx123324Postnatal growth in preterm infantsR. J. Cooke5Thermal regulation and effects on nutrientsubstrate metabolismJ. M. Hawdon58Development and physiology of thegastrointestinal tractC. L. Berseth676789Metabolic programming as a consequence ofthe nutritional environment during fetal andthe immediate postnatal periodsM. S. Patel and M. Srinivasan4776Nutrient regulation in brain development:glucose and alternate fuelsC. Fung and S. U. Devaskar91Water and electrolyte balance in newborninfantsS. Sridhar and S. Baumgart104vii Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationviiiContents10Amino acid metabolism and protein accretionJ. B. van Goudoever11Carbohydrate metabolism and glycogenaccretionR. A. Simmons1213Energy requirements and protein-energymetabolism and balance in preterm and terminfantsS. Kashyap and K. F. SchulzeThe role of essential fatty acids indevelopmentW. C. Heird115134147VitaminsF. R. Greer15Normal bone and mineral physiology andmetabolismO. Itani and R. Tsang185Disorders of mineral, vitamin D and bonehomeostasisO. Itani and R. Tsang22916117Trace mineralsK. M. Hambidge27318IronM. K. Georgieff29119Conditionally essential nutrients: choline,inositol, taurine, arginine, glutamine andnucleotidesJ. Carver20Intravenous feedingW. C. Heird21Enteral amino acid and protein digestion,absorption, and metabolismD. K. Rassin and K. E. Shattuck40128Formulas for preterm and term infantsD. L. O’Connor and J. Brennan40929Differences between metabolism and feedingof preterm and term infantsS. C. Denne30Gastrointestinal refluxS. R. Jadcherla31Hypo- and hyperglycemia and othercarbohydrate metabolism disordersJ. E. McGowan332Enteral carbohydrate assimilationC. L. Kien34023Enteral lipid digestion and absorptionM. Hamosh35024Minimal enteral nutritionJ. Neu36925Milk secretion and compositionM. C. Neville and J. L. McManaman37726Rationale for breastfeedingR. J. Schanler390454The infant of the diabetic motherR. M. Cowett33Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis: clinicalobservations and pathophysiologyM. S. Caplan and T. Jilling46648234Neonatal short bowel syndromeJ. Sondheimer49235Acute respiratory failureJ. E. E. van Aerde and M. Narvey50836Nutrition for premature infants withbronchopulmonary dysplasiaS. A. Atkinson522Nutrition in infants with congenital heartdiseaseJ. S. Barry and P. J. Thureen533Nutrition therapies for inborn errors ofmetabolismJ. Thomas, A. Tsai, and L. Bernstein544299312437445323722 Cambridge University PressFortified human milk for premature infantsR. J. Schanler1221416273839Nutrition in the neonatal surgical patientA. Pierro and S. Eaton56940Nutritional assessment of the neonateR. E. Ridout and M. K. Georgieff58641Methods of measuring body compositionK. J. Ellis60242Methods of measuring energy balance:calorimetry and doubly labelledwaterP. J. J. Sauer43609Methods of measuring nutrient substrateutilization using stable isotopesA. Sunehag and M. Haymond617www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationContents4445Postnatal nutritional influences onsubsequent healthJ. Neu, A. Mackey, and Y. HuangGrowth outcomes of preterm and very lowbirth weight infantsM. Hack Cambridge University Press46631Post-hospital nutrition of the preterm infantD. M. Anderson and R. J. SchanlerIndexix654663640www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationContributorsJohn E. E. van AerdeStollery Children’s Hospital8440-114 StreetEdmontonAlbertaCanada, T6G 2B7Diane M. AndersonSection of NeonatologyDepartment of PediatricsBaylor College of Medicine6621 Fannin StreetMC WT 6–104Houston, TX 77030, USAStephanie A. AtkinsonDepartment of PediatricsHSC 3V42McMaster University1200 Main St. WestHamilton, ONCanada L8N 3Z5James S. BarryUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterThe Children’s Hospital1056 East 9th AveBox B070Denver, CO 80218, USAStephen BaumgartDivision of NeonatologyDepartment of PediatricsState University of New York at Stony BrookHealth Sciences Center T11–060Stony BrookNY 1794-8111, USAxi Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationxiiList of contributorsHilton BernsteinDepartment of PediatricsUniversity of Florida1600 SW Archer RoadRoom HD-513PO Box 100296Gainesville, FL 32610, USALaurie BernsteinDepartment of PediatricsThe Children’s Hospital1056 East 9th AveB300Denver, CO 80218, USACarol Lynn BersethMead Johnson Nutritionals2400 Lloyd ExpresswayEvansvilleIN 47721, USAFrank H. BloomfieldLiggins InstituteUniversity of AucklandPrivate Bag 92019AucklandNew ZealandJ. BrennanThe Hospital for Sick Children555 University AvenueTorontoOntarioCanadaMichael S. CaplanDepartment of Pediatrics2650 Ridge AveEvanstonIL 60201, USAJane CarverDepartment of PediatricsUniversity of South Florida College of Medicine17 Davis Blvd.Suite 200TampaFL 33606, USA Cambridge University PressIrene CetinDepartment of Obstetrics and GynaecologyUniversity of MilanMilan, ItalyRichard J. CookeDepartment of PediatricsUniversity of Tennessee Newborn Center853 Jefferson AvenueRoom 201MemphisTennessee 38163, USARichard M. CowettCIGNA InsurancePittsburgh, USAScott C. DenneDepartment of PediatricsRR208Indiana School of Medicine702 Barnhill Dr.Indianapolis IN 46202-5210, USASherin U. DevaskarDivision of Neonatology and Developmental BiologyDepartment of PediatricsDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA10833 Le Conte AvenueRoom B-2-377Los AngelesCA 90095-1752, USASimon EatonSenior Lecturer in BiochemistryKenneth J. EllisUSDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center1100 Bates St.HoustonTX 77030, USACamille FungDivision of Neonatology and Developmental BiologyDepartment of PediatricsDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA10833 Le Conte AvenueRoom B-2-377Los AngelesCA 90095-1752, USAwww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationList of contributorsMichael K. GeorgieffDepartment of PediatricsUniversity of Minnesota School of MedicineBox 39 UMHC420 Delaware Street SEMinneapolisMN 55455, USAJohannes B. van GoudoeverErasmus MC/Sophia Children’s HospitalDivision of NeonatologyDepartment of PediatricsDr. Molewaterplein 603015 GJ RotterdamThe NetherlandsFrank R. GreerDepartment of Pediatrics and Nutritional SciencesUniversity of WisconsinMadisonand Perinatal CenterMeriter Hospital202 S. Park St.MadisonWI 53715, USAMaureen HackRainbow Babies and Children’s HospitalUniversity Hospitals of Cleveland11,100 Euclid AveClevelandOH 44106, USAK. Michael HambidgeUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterC225, 4200 East 9th AveDenver, CO 80262, USAMargit Hamosh9410 Balfour CourtBethesdaMD 20814, USAJane E. HardingLiggins InstituteUniversity of AucklandPrivate Bag 92019AucklandNew Zealand Cambridge University PressxiiiJane M. HawdonNeonatal UnitUniversity College London HospitalsHuntley StreetLondon WC1E 6AU, UKWilliam W. Hay Jr.University of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDepartment of PediatricsDivision of Perinatal MedicinePerinatal Research CenterPO Box 6508F441, AuroraColorado 80045, USAMorey Haymond5-1000 CNRC 7072Children’s Nutrition Research CenterBaylor School of MedicineWilliam C. HeirdDepartment of PediatricsChildren’s Nutrition Research CenterRoom 8066Baylor College of Medicine1100 Bates St.HoustonTX 77030-2600, USAYing HuangUniversity of FloridaDepartment of PediatricsDivision of NeonatologyChildren’s Hospital of Fudan UniversityShanghaiChinaOussama ItaniMichigan State University and Kalamazoo Center ofMedical Studiesand Borgess Medical Center1521 Gull RoadKalamazooMI 49048, USASudarshan Rao JadcherlaColumbus Children’s Hospital700 Children’s DriveColumbusOH 43205, USAwww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521824559 - Neonatal Nutrition and Metabolism, Second EditionEdited by Patti J. Thureen and William W. HayFrontmatterMore informationxivList of contributorsTamas JillingDepartment of Pediatrics2650 Ridge AveEvanstonIL 60201, USASudha KashyapDepartment of PediatricsCollege of Physicians and SurgeonsColumbia University630 West 168th St.New YorkNY 10032, USAC. Lawrence KienGastroenterology and Nutrition DivisionDepartment of PediatricsChildren’s HospitalRoom 3.240301 University Blvd.GalvestonTX 77555-0352, USASean W. LimesandUniversity of Colorado Health Sciences CenterDepartment of PediatricsDivision of Perinatal MedicinePerinatal Research CenterPO Box 6508F441, AuroraColorado 80045, USAAmy MackeyDepartment of PediatricsUniversity of Florida1600 SW Archer RoadRoom HD-513PO Box 100296GainesvilleFL 32610, USAJane E. McGowanDivision of NeonatologyThe Johns Hopkins Hospital600 N Wolfe St.CMSC 210BaltimoreMD 21287, USA Cambridge U